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名詞性從句專題:連詞that-從句

http://www.youth.cn  2013-09-30 12:16:53  中國青年網

  17.2 名詞性that-從句

  1)由從屬連詞that引導的從句叫做名詞性that-從句。 That只起連接主句和從句的作用,在從句中不擔任任何成分,本身也沒有詞義。名詞性that-從句在句中能充當主 語、賓語、表語、同位語和形容詞賓語,例如:

  主語:That he is still alive is sheer luck.  他還活著全靠運氣。

  賓語:John said that he was leaving for London on Wednesday. 約翰說他星期三要到倫敦去。

  表語:The fact is that he has not been seen recently.   事實是近來誰也沒有見過他。

  同位語:The fact that he has not been seen recently disturbs everyone in his office.

  近來誰也沒有見過他,這一事實令辦公室所有的人不安。

  形容詞賓語:I am glad that you are satisfied with your job.

  你對工作滿意我感到很高興。

  2)That-從句作主語通常用it作先行詞,而將that-從句置于句末,例如:

  It is quite clear that the whole project is doomed to failure. 很清楚,整個計劃注定要失敗。

  It's a pity that you should have to leave. 你非走不可真是件憾事。

  

  用it作形式主語的that-從句有以下四種不同的搭配關系:

  a. It + be +形容詞+ that-從句

  It is necessary that…    有必要……

  It is important that…    重要的是……

  It is obvious that…     很明顯……

  b. It + be + -ed 分詞+ that-從句

  It is believed that…     人們相信……

  It is known to all that…   從所周知……

  It has been decided that…   已決定……

  c. It + be +名詞+ that-從句

  It is common knowledge that…  ……是常識

  It is a surprise that…   令人驚奇的是……

  It is a fact that…     事實是……

  d. It +不及物動詞+ that-分句

  It appears that…      似乎……

  It happens that…      碰巧……

  It occurred to me that…   我突然想起……

  

編輯:廖書曼 來源:大耳朵英語

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